IBS or irritable bowel syndrome is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal system. IBS is also known as septic colon or nervous stomach. IBS includes a group of symptoms. IBS causes great discomfort to the patient and can also interfere with the daily living of the patient. As a result, the person might feel distressed at some point. In this article, there is an explanation about causes, symptoms, management, lifestyle changes and Ayurvedic perspective of IBS or irritable syndrome. In Ayurveda, a condition called as grahani roga had been mentioned. This condition can be correlated with modern day IBS or irritable bowel syndrome.
The frequent symptoms faced by a patient suffering from IBS are as follows. However, the pattern may change from one person to another person.
The exact cause of IBS is still not known, but there are many theories behind it. According to one theory the onset of IBS is a disorder of the interaction between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract.According to other theory, over sensitive nerves in the intestine, intestinal muscle disorders and inflammations of the intestinal wall are believed to all play a role. The other factors which contribute towards IBS are as follows:
BS or irritable bowel syndrome is diagnosed by a qualified practitioner after clinical examination on basis of signs and symptoms present, medical history and family history. However sometimes the physician may advise some investigations to rule out some underlying issue.
In Ayurvedic textbooks, there is a disease mentioned named as grahani roga. On the basis of clinical presentation, grahani roga can be associated with IBS. Grahani is the name of an organ which is the seat of the digestive fire. After ingestion food also comes here and digestion process goes on. According to renowned Ayurvedic textbook Charak Samhita, the main cause behind the problem of grahani roga is poor digestive fire. Due to poor digestive fire the person passes stool which is sometimes digested or sometimes undigested. This condition is called as grahani roga.
Grahani roga is further divided into subtypes which are Vataj grahani, Pittaj grahani, Kaphaj grahani, Tridoshaj grahani and Aam grahani. The causes and symptoms of every type of grahani varies. But the main causes are as follows:
The treatment of grahani roga depends upon the type of grahani roga. The main treatment measure includes:
What you can eat and what to avoid in grahani roga:
Soup of green gram, sathi chawal and shali dhan (varieties of rice), honey, goat’s milk, desi ghee or clarified butter, curd, banana and pomegranate etc. can be taken in grahani roga.owever excessive oily, heavy and hard to digest food items should be avoided in grahani roga. Yoga, acupuncture, walking, exercise and breathing exercises are also helpful in management of IBS.